Roger Crab (born approx. 1621 – died September 11, 1680).
Roger is the
‘vegan’ / pure plant eater
that we so far have come across in our research.
Roger Crab was a very bizarre Englishman.
He was living a very ‘alternative’ & ‘vegan’ lifestyle more than 350 years ago.
Roger had fought in the Parliamentary Army in the English Civil War (which ran from 1642 to 1651) before becoming a haberdasher (either with a shop that sells men’s clothes – or shop that sells small items such as needles and thread that are used to make clothes) in Chesham, England.
He later became a hermit and worked as a herbal doctor. (1)
He is best known for this delightfully eccentric & wonderfully titled booklet.
It details Roger’s lifestyle.
He had fully ‘dropped out’ of the rat race.
The first page lists his ‘vegan’ diet:
His constant food is Roots and Hearbs, as Cabbage, Turneps, Carrets, Dock-leaves, and Grasse; also Bread and Bran, without Butter or Cheese.
The Ernest Bell Library has a copy of an 1843 reprint of the 1655 booklet.
The woodcut print of Roger Crab in this edition has been badly cropped.
We were recently fortunate to obtain a much better reproduction of the print (the image at the top of this post) from a badly damaged copy of the book: –
Portraits, memoirs, and characters of remarkable persons, from the reign of Edward the Third, to the Revolution : collected from the most authentic accounts extant
by James Caulfield. (3)
A new edition, completing the twelfth class of Granger’s Biographical history of England, with many additional rare portraits.
London : Printed for S. Kirby …, 1813.
A copy which a bookdealer was breaking up.
In the print Roger is pictured in his garden, wearing his sackcloth frockcoat without a belt or sash, knee-length breeches, shoes and a shirt. He wears a wide brimmed hat. His cottage (a mean cottage of his own building) is behind him, you can only see a part of the roof and a small whisp of smoke.
We plan to reprint the booklet & the woodcut, as soon as sufficient funds are available.
Contact us for any additional information – humanitarianleague(at)outlook(dot)com
More about The Ernest Bell Library – http://www.happycow.net/blog/remembering-vegetarian-pioneers-henry-s-salt-ernest-bell/
For more about Roger Crab see the links in (4) – below.
(1) Wiki – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Crab
(2) Other versions of – 1 Corinthians 8:13 – http://pbible.com/versions/46-1co-008-013.html
(3) Caulfield, James, 1764-1826. – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Caulfield
(4) More on Roger Crab –
An excellent article by John Davis on Roger Crab & much more. Medieval Mindsets – ‘Vegans’ In The Middle Ages – http://www.vegsource.com/john-davis/medieval-mindsets-vegans-in-the-middle-ages.html
Roger Crab’s grave – http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=72925278